Resource Library

6+1 Trait® Definitions

Article
Standards: Writing
The 6+1 Trait® Writing analytical model for assessing and teaching writing is made up of 6+1 key qualities that define strong writing. This brief provides definitions and information on the model.

6+1 Trait® Rubrics (aka Scoring Guides)

Tools and Templates
Standards: Writing
The core of the 6+1 Trait® assessment model is the rubric. This site provides 5-Point and 6-Point sets for K-2 and 3-12. Both sets are field tested, research-based, and teacher friendly.

Adolescent Literacy: Addressing the Needs of Students in Grades 4-12

Article
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Literature • Informational Text • Writing
"This book chapter defines adolescent literacy, summarizes what we know about the literacy skills of adolescent and adults in the U.S., and presents a review of the research on effective literacy...

Digital Storytelling: Extending the Potential for Struggling Writers

Article
Standards: Writing
While some young writers may struggle with traditional literacy, tapping into new literacies like digital storytelling may boost motivation and scaffold understanding of traditional literacies. Three...

Direct teaching, strategy instruction, and strategy instruction with explicit self-regulation: Effects on the composition skills and self- efficacy of students with learning disabilities

Research
Standards: Writing
This study assesses the impact of self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) on students identified as learning disabled (LD). Students were assigned to one of four conditions: full SRSD, SRSD...

Four Principles Toward Teaching the Craft of Revision

Article
Standards: Writing
This short article highlights the importance of teaching revision as part of the writing process, and offers strategies and suggestions for teaching this skill to your students.

Implementing the Writing Process

Article
Standards: Writing
This strategy guide explains the writing process and offers practical methods for applying it in your classroom to help students become proficient writers.

Inside Writing Communities: Grades 3-5 Professional Development Workshop

Module
Standards: Writing • Literature
This workshop is supported online with a viewing guide, resources for teachers, and an interactive exercise. A Facilitator's Guide offers a suggested agenda for a two-and-a-half-hour workshop...

Introduction to Reviewing 508 Compliant Sliderocket

Slideshow
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Writing
This is a 508 compliant version of the Overview Slideshow found in the Instructional Strategy Guide for English Language Arts: Reviewing.

It's Never Written in Stone: The Agony of Revision

Article
Standards: Writing
How do we teach the beauty of revision when it is such an agony for young writers? Learn how one teacher of writing workshops cajoles revisions from her elementary students.

Learning to Write and Writing to Learn

Article
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Writing
"This book chapter covers the following topics: The difference between teaching students how to write and how to use writing to learn content, Research review of most effective writing instruction...

National Writing Project: 30 ideas for Teaching Writing

Article
Standards: Writing • Language
30 Ideas for Teaching Writing offers successful strategies contributed by experienced writing project teachers.

Quick View: Blogs and Wikis

Quick View
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Language • Writing
Writing online, through blogs, wikis, or discussion forums, can boost student motivation for writing and help students learn to adapt writing for different audiences, tasks, purposes, and disciplines...

Quick View: Teaching Students to Make Presentations

Quick View
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Speaking and Listening
Classroom presentations encourage purposeful speaking and engaged listening. When students give a presentation, they not only demonstrate content knowledge but also exercise skills in writing with...

Research on Writing Practices

Bibliography
The PowerUp WHAT WORKS Team at the Center for Technology Implementation, has conducted extensive reviews of the literature on the writing process. View our bibliography for a collection of references...

Reviewing Writing: Edit and Revise

Lesson in Action
Standards: Writing • Literacy in History/Social Studies
Ms. Nupak’s 6th graders are in the midst of a unit on Ancient Greece. In this lesson, students will revise and edit the first draft of the writing assignment, which compares and contrasts life in...

Self-regulated strategy development instruction for writing an opinion essay: Effects for six students with emotional/behavior disorders

Research
Standards: Writing
The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of self-regulated strategy development (SRSD) to support POW (Pick my idea, Organize my notes, Write and say more) and TREE (Topic sentence, Reasons...

Strategies for Composition and Self-Regulation in the Writing Process

Article
Standards: Writing
In this article, the authors discuss the importance of self-regulation in the writing process. The authors highlight the need to be goal-oriented, resourceful, and reflective when approaching...

Teacher Playlist: Using Tech to Help Your Students Make Effective Presentation

Tools and Templates
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Writing • Speaking and Listening
Developing an effective presentation for a specific audience requires students to read, write, speak, and listen. Regardless of the format (e.g., spoken, written, multimedia), prior to making a...

Teaching expressive writing to students with learning disabilities: A meta-analysis.

Research
Subscription Required: No
Standards: Writing
The purpose of this meta-analysis was to summarize the impact of process-writing interventions (i.e., writing, editing, and reviewing) on students with learning disabilities (LD). The interventions...