Prewriting involves setting goals, exploring topics, and beginning to organize ideas. Planning gives students a writing “road map” to follow. Struggling writers tend not to spend enough time planning and organizing their writing. Differentiate instruction by integrating technology. Choose from flexible options and tools that prompt students to generate ideas, organize information, and develop prewriting plans.

View an Introductory Presentation on Prewriting Strategies

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Read the Complete Prewriting Teaching Strategy Guide

Prewriting includes choosing a topic and identifying a purpose and an audience. Your guidance gives struggling writers the direction they need to begin generating ideas.


  1. Provide Direct Instruction
  2. Help Students Write for a Variety of Purposes
  3. Engage Students in Ongoing Assessment