Fluency is reading with accuracy, speed, and understanding. To read aloud with expression requires an understanding of the text’s meaning beyond simple decoding of individual words. Students who struggle with fluency may read slowly, in a monotone, ignoring punctuation, or in choppy start-and-stop rhythms. Often, such readers have difficulty monitoring understanding and self-correcting. Support these students with tools that allow for repeated readings and performance, and model expressive reading with audiobooks, e-books, and your own live readings.
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Students need differentiated instruction to understand what is involved in fluency, strategies to develop fluency, and many opportunities to practice. Technology tools that foster marking text and making video and audio recordings can support the strategies described below.