During drafting, students develop a more cohesive text, explain and elaborate their ideas, and explore a topic, guided by purpose, genre, and content area. All students benefit from using word processing and other tech tools while drafting. To build strong writing skills amongst your students across content areas, explicitly teach and model strategies. As you differentiate your ongoing assessment and feedback, use strategies to help students self-assess their writing.

View an Introductory Presentation on Drafting Strategies

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Read the Complete Drafting Teaching Strategy Guide

During the drafting stage, students expand the ideas they generated during prewriting into a working rough copy by organizing their writing. Since the writing process is fluid, students may choose to change earlier decisions about purpose, audience, and genre. Differentiated instruction and use of technology tools are important to address different learning styles.


  1. Provide Direct Instruction
  2. Help Students Write for a Variety of Purposes
  3. Engage Students in Ongoing Assessment