Fraction instruction for students with mathematics disabilities: Comparing two teaching sequences

Author: 
Butler, F. M., Miller, S. P., Crehan, K., Babbitt, B., & Pierce, T.
Year: 
2003

The study compared the effectiveness of concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) and representational-abstract (RA) instructional sequences in teaching mathematics to middle- school students with mild to moderate disabilities. Students in the CRA group used concrete manipulatives and students in the RA group used representational drawings. Participating students received 10 scripted mathematics lessons in either the CRA or RA approach.

Type: 
Research
Common Core State Standards: 
Model with Mathematics
Reason Abstractly
Use Appropriate Tools Strategically
Instructional Strategies: 
Modeling
Visual Representations
Supporting Struggling Students: 
Differentiation

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